Bio Plastic, one of the typical bio materials, refers to organisms that are used for chemical energy and includes firewood, forest and gas of organisms.
A dictionary definition of Bio Plastic is living things such as plants or microorganisms that are used for energy sources. The amount of biomass that is produces on Earth for a year is equivalent to total oil reserves, so if used properly, there is no danger of depletion. But in a broader meaning, it also refers to renewable organic substances such as plants, trees, agricultural products, forage crops, agricultural waste and residues, forest wastes, crumbs, aquatic plants, animal excretion, municipal wastes and other wastes.
|Biodegradable Plastic||Oxo-biodegradable Plastic||Bio-based plastic|
|Biomass Base||Petroleum Base||Combined||Polymerized|
|Biomass content||50 ~ 70% More than||No data||No data||20 ~ 25% More than|
|Used raw material||Natural substances, Microbial||Oil resources polymerization synthesis||Oxo-biodegradable substances,
Plant body, etc.
|Natural substances – High molecule combined||Natural substances – High molecule polymerization|
|Price||Expensive oil prices||Low-middle priced raw material||Low-middle priced raw material||Expensive raw material|
|Type||PLA, TPS, PHA Etc||PBS, PES, PVA Etc||Bio – PE, Bio – PP Etc||Bio – PE, Bio – PP, Bio - PET Etc|
|Size standards||ISO 14855, ASTM D 6400 Etc||ASTM D 6954, UAE S 5009||ASTM D 6866, CEN/TR 15932 Etc|
|Advantages||Excellent biodegradable carbon dioxide reduction||Adjustment of degrading time,
Excellent physical property,
|Excellent CO2 reduction, Excellent physical property|
|Shortcomings||High prices, Weaker physical properties, Degraded during distribution||Waterproof problem||Water resistance problem fixable|
|Degradation mechanism||Microbial degradation||Microbial degradation after oxidative degradation||-|
|Biodegradation test||Within six months 90%||Within six months 60%||-|
|Widely used plastic||Not used||Used||Used|
|Biodegradation period||Within 6months
(Within Six month 90%)
|Within 36 months
(Within Six month 60%)
(Excellent carbon neutrality)
Sources: National LC Database Intelligence Network, Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute
Category of eco-friendly is very broad, but generally, it is categorized in 4Rs.
Recently it is sometimes categorized in 5Rs, including “resign,” which is a compound word of “recycle” and “design,” but it is not common for now.
Policy to slow down
by reducing the amount
of every waste and
Create economic value by
collectingall sorts of
resources, making good
used of them from waste
to resources and recycle them.
The environmental friendly policy
to replace materials made of
fossil fuelswith environmental
petroleum energy with
Replace plastic, which is made
of recalcitrant synthetic resins,
which comes from fossil fuels,
with materials made of
Do not dispose of the products
used once, but use it again